Custom Search


Tuesday 01 March 2005

Heat-induced changes in intracellular Na+, pH and bioenergetic status in superfused RIF-1 tumour cells determined by 23Na and 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

By: Babsky A, Hekmatyar SK, Gorski T, Nelson DS, Bansal N.

Int J Hyperthermia 2005 Mar;21(2):141-58

The acute effects of hyperthermia on intracellular Na+ (Nai+), bioenergetic status and intracellular pH (pHi) were investigated in superfused Radiation Induced Fibrosarcoma-1 (RIF-1) tumour cells using shift-reagent-aided 23Na and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Hyperthermia at 45 degrees C for 30 min produced a 50% increase in Na, a 0.42 unit decrease in pHi and a 40-45% decrease in NTP/P(i). During post-hyperthermia superfusion at 37 degrees C, pHi and NTP/P(i) recovered to the baseline value, but Na initially decreased and then increased to the hyperthermic level 60 min after heating. Hyperthermia at 42 degrees C caused only a 15-20% increase in Nai+. In the presence of 3 microM 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA), an inhibitor of the Na+/H+ exchanger, the increase in Nai+ during 45 degrees C hyperthermia was attenuated, suggesting that the heat-induced increase in Nai+ was mainly due to an increase in Na+/H+ anti-porter activity. EIPA did not prevent hyperthermia-induced acidification. This suggests that pHi is controlled by other ion exchange mechanisms in addition to the Na+/H+ exchanger. EIPA increased the thermo-sensitivity of the RIF-1 tumour cells only slightly as measured by cell viability and clonogenic assays. The hyperthermia-induced irreversible increase in Nai+ suggests that changes in transmembrane ion gradients play an important role in cell damage induced by hyperthermia.

Use of this site is subject to the following terms of use