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Friday 25 March 2005

The basolateral NHE1 Na+/H+ exchanger regulates transepithelial HCO3- absorption through actin cytoskeleton remodeling in renal thick ascending limb.

By: Watts BA 3rd, George T, Good DW.

J Biol Chem 2005 Mar 25;280(12):11439-47

In the renal medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL), inhibiting the basolateral NHE1 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger with amiloride or nerve growth factor (NGF) results secondarily in inhibition of the apical NHE3 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, thereby decreasing transepithelial HCO3- absorption. MTALs from rats were studied by in vitro microperfusion to identify the mechanism underlying cross-talk between the two exchangers. The basolateral addition of 10 microM amiloride or 0.7 nM NGF decreased HCO3- absorption by 27-32%. Jasplakinolide, which stabilizes F-actin, or latrunculin B, which disrupts F-actin, decreased basal HCO3- absorption by 30% and prevented the inhibition by amiloride or NGF. Jasplakinolide had no effect on HCO3- absorption in tubules bathed with amiloride or a Na(+)-free bath to inhibit NHE1. Jasplakinolide and latrunculin B did not prevent inhibition of HCO3- absorption by vasopressin or stimulation by hyposmolality, factors that regulate HCO3- absorption through primary effects on apical Na(+)/H(+) exchange. Treatment of MTALs with amiloride or NGF for 15 min decreased polymerized actin with no change in total cell actin, as assessed both by fluorescence microscopy and by actin Triton X-100 solubility. Jasplakinolide prevented amiloride-induced actin remodeling. Vasopressin, which inhibits HCO3- absorption by an amount similar to that observed with amiloride and NGF but does not act via NHE1, did not affect cellular F-actin content. These results indicate that basolateral NHE1 regulates apical NHE3 and HCO3- absorption in the MTAL by controlling the organization of the actin cytoskeleton.

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