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Friday 01 April 2005

Muscarinic activation of Na+-dependent ion transporters and modulation by bicarbonate in rat submandibular gland acinus.

By: Lee JE, Nam JH, Kim SJ.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2005 Apr;288(4):G822-31

To investigate the interaction between the ion channels and transporters in the salivary fluid secretion, we measured the membrane voltage (V(m)) and intracellular concentrations of Ca(2+), Na(+) ([Na(+)](c)), Cl(-), and H(+) (pH(i)) in rat submandibular gland acini (RSMGA). After a transient depolarization induced by a short application of acetylcholine (ACh; 5 muM, 20 s), RSMGA showed strong delayed hyperpolarization (V(h,ACh); -95 +/- 1.8 mV) that was abolished by ouabain. In the HCO(3)(-)-free condition, the V(h,ACh) was also blocked by bumetanide, a blocker of Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC). In the presence of HCO(3)(-) (24 meq, bubbled with 5% CO(2)), however, the V(h,ACh) was not blocked by bumetanide, but it was suppressed by ethylisopropylamiloride (EIPA), a Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) inhibitor. Similarly, the ACh-induced increase in [Na(+)](c) was totally blocked by bumetanide in the absence of HCO(3)(-), but only by one-half in the presence of HCO(3)(-). ACh induced a prominent acidification of pH(i) in the presence of HCO(3)(-), and the acidification was further increased by EIPA treatment. Without HCO(3)(-), an application of ACh strongly accelerated the NKCC activity that was measured from the decay of pH(i) during the application of NH(4)(+) (20 mM). Notably, the ACh-induced activation of NKCC was largely suppressed in the presence of HCO(3)(-). In summary, the ACh-induced anion secretion in RSMGA is followed by the activation of NKCC and NHE, resulting an increase in [Na(+)](c). The intracellular Na(+)-induced activation of electrogenic Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase causes V(h,ACh). The regulation of NKCC and NHE by ACh is strongly affected by the physiological level of HCO(3)(-).

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