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Monday 01 November 2004

Acid-base regulation in isolated gill cells of the goldfish (Carassius auratus).

By: Sandbichler AM, Pelster B.

J Comp Physiol [B] 2004 Nov;174(8):601-10

Mechanisms of acid release and intracellular pH (pH(i)) homeostasis were analysed in goldfish (Carassius auratus) gill cells in primary culture. The rate of acid secretion was measured using a cytosensor microphysiometer, and pH(i) was determined using the fluorescent probe 2',7'-bis-(3-carboxypropyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCPCF). Amiloride, a Na(+) channel and Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) inhibitor, had no effect on pH(i), but acid secretion of the gill cells was significantly impaired. In the presence of amiloride, the intracellular acidification (achieved using the NH(4)Cl pulse technique) was more severe than in the absence of amiloride, and recovery from the acidosis was slowed down. Accordingly, acid secretion of gill cells was severely reduced in the absence of extracellular Na(+). Under steady-state conditions, 4,4'-diisothiocyanatodihydro-stilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS), a HCO(3)(-)-transport inhibitor, caused a slow acidification of pH(i), and acid secretion was significantly reduced. No recovery from intracellular acidification was observed in the presence of DIDS. Bafilomycin A(1), an inhibitor of V-ATPase, had no effect on steady-state pH(i) and recovery from an intracellular acidification, whereas the rate of acid secretion under steady-state conditions was slightly reduced. Immunohistochemistry clearly revealed the presence of the V-ATPase B-subunit in goldfish gill lamellae. Taken together, these results suggest that a Na(+)-dependent HCO(3)(-) transport is the dominant mechanism besides an NHE and V-ATPase to control pH(i) in goldfish gill cells.

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