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Thursday 01 July 2004

Effects of amiloride on potassium and calcium currents in guinea pig ventricular myocytes.

By: Cheng L, Wang F, Zhou HY, Yao WX, Xia GJ, Jiang MX.

Yao Xue Xue Bao 2004 Jul;39(7):509-13

AIM: To elucidate the possible mechanisms underlying antiarrhythmia of the non-selective Na+/H+ exchanger inhibitor--amiloride. METHODS: Single ventricular cells were isolated using a double-enzyme method. Effects of amiloride on voltage-dependent potassium and calcium currents in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocyte were recorded by using whole-cell patch clamp techniques. RESULTS: Exposure to amiloride (10 -100 micromol x L(-1)), the L-type and T-type calcium currents were depressed. Amiloride resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of peak (Ca,L), But amiloride did not change the shape of their I - V curves. It only decreased the amplitudes of the currents of the two types. When myocytes were incubated with 100 micromol x L(-1) amiloride, I(Kr) was slightly depressed and I(Ks) did not change. Amiloride (1 - 100 micromol x L(-10) depressed I(K1) in a concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Amiloride depressed potassium and calcium currents, which may give support to its uses in some diseases of the cardiovascular system.

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