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Wednesday 01 December 2004

Rapid nongenomic effects of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine on the intracellular pH of L-6 myoblasts are mediated by intracellular calcium mobilization and kinase pathways.

By: D'Arezzo S, Incerpi S, Davis FB, Acconcia F, Marino M, Farias RN, Davis PJ.

Endocrinology 2004 Dec;145(12):5694-703

L-T3 and L-T4 activated the Na+/H+ exchanger of L-6 myoblasts, with a fast nongenomic mechanism, both in the steady state and when cells undergo acid loading with ammonium chloride. Monitored with the intracellular pH-sensitive fluorescent probe 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein, activation of the exchanger appeared to be initiated at the plasma membrane, because T3-agarose reproduced the effect of L-T3, and triiodothyroacetic acid, a hormone analog previously shown to inhibit membrane actions of thyroid hormone, blocked the action of L-T3 on the exchanger. We show here for the first time that transduction of the hormone signal in this nongenomic response requires tyrosine kinase-dependent phospholipase C activation and two different signaling pathways: 1) mobilization of intracellular calcium, assessed by the fluorescent probe fura-2, through activation of inositol trisphosphate receptors and without contributions from extracellular calcium or ryanodine receptors; and 2) protein phosphorylation involving protein kinase C and MAPK (ERK1/2), as shown by the use of kinase inhibitors and by immunoblotting for activated kinases.

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