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Friday 01 October 2004

Ammonia production and secretion by S3 proximal tubule segments from acidotic mice: role of ANG II.

By: Nagami GT.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2004 Oct;287(4):F707-12

ANG II has potent effects on ammonia production and secretion rates by the proximal tubule and is found in substantial concentrations in the lumen of the proximal tubule in vivo. Because our previous studies demonstrated that acid loading enhanced the stimulatory effects of ANG II on ammonia production and secretion by S2 proximal tubule segments, we examined the effect of ANG II on ammonia production and secretion by isolated, perfused S3 segments from nonacidotic control mice and acidotic mice given NH4Cl for 7 days. In the absence of ANG II, ammonia production and secretion rates were no different in S3 segments from acidotic and control mice. By contrast, when ANG II was present in the luminal perfusion solution, ammonia production and secretion rates were stimulated, in a losartan-inhibitable manner, to a greater extent in S3 segments from acidotic mice. Ammonia secretion rates in S3 segments were largely inhibited by perfusion with a low-sodium solution containing amiloride in the presence or absence of ANG II. These results demonstrated that isolated, perfused mouse S3 proximal tubule segments produce and secrete ammonia, that NH4Cl-induced acidosis does not affect the basal rates of ammonia production and secretion, and that ANG II, added to the luminal fluid, stimulates ammonia production and secretion to a greater extent in S3 segments from acidotic mice. These findings suggest that S3 segments, in the presence of ANG II, can contribute to the enhanced renal excretion that occurs with acid loading.

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