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Sunday 01 May 2005

Signaling pathways in the biphasic effect of ANG II on Na+/H+ exchanger in T84 cells.

By: Musa-Aziz R, Oliveira-Souza M, Mello-Aires M.

J Membr Biol 2005 May;205(2):49-60

The effect of ANG II on pH(i), [Ca(2+)](i) and cell volume was investigated in T84 cells, a cell line originated from colon epithelium, using the probes BCECF-AM, Fluo 4-AM and acridine orange, respectively. The recovery rate of pH(i) via the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger was examined in the first 2 min following the acidification of pH(i) with a NH(4)Cl pulse. In the control situation, the pH(i) recovery rate was 0.118 +/- 0.001 (n = 52) pH units/min and ANG II (10(-12) M or 10(-9) M) increased this value (by 106% or 32%, respectively) but ANG II (10(-7) M) decreased it to 47%. The control [Ca(2+)](i) was 99 +/- 4 (n = 45) nM and ANG II increased this value in a dose-dependent manner. The ANG II effects on cell volume were minor and late and should not interfere in the measurements of pH(i) recovery and [Ca(2+)](i). To document the signaling pathways in the hormonal effects we used: Staurosporine (a PKC inhibitor), W13 (a calcium-dependent calmodulin antagonist), H89 (a PKA inhibitor) or Econazole (an inhibitor of cytochrome P450 epoxygenase). Our results indicate that the biphasic effect of ANG II on Na(+)/H(+) exchanger is a cAMP-independent mechanism and is the result of: 1) stimulation of the exchanger by PKC signaling pathway activation (at 10(-12) - 10(-7) M ANG II) and by increases of [Ca(2+)](i) in the lower range (at 10(-12) M ANG II) and 2) inhibition of the exchanger at high [Ca(2+)](i) levels (at 10(-9) - 10(-7) M ANG II) through cytochrome P450 epoxygenase-dependent metabolites of the arachidonic acid signaling pathway.

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