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Wednesday 10 March 2004

Electrochemical behavior and determination of amiloride drug in bulk form and pharmaceutical formulation at mercury electrodes.

By: El-Hefnawy GB, El-Hallag IS, Ghoneim EM, Ghoneim MM.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2004 Mar 10;34(5):899-907

The polarographic behavior of amiloride hydrochloride has been studied in Britton-Robinson buffers of pH 1.9-11. In acidic medium at Ph< or =2, the dc-polarograms exhibited a single 4-electron cathodic irreversible wave, while at pH values >2, a second two-electron irreversible cathodic wave appeared at a more negative potential. The single or first wave may be attributed to the cleavage of the double bond of the -CH=NH of the imidino amide group with the release of NH(3). While the second wave may be due to the saturation of the C=O of the carboxamide moiety. A polarographic procedure of suffocate sensitivity for the determination of bulk amiloride drug in Britton-Robinson buffer at pH 2 is described. The calibration graph was obtained over the concentration range 2.5 x 10(-5) to 2.5 x 10(-4) M amiloride. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantitation (LOQ) of the procedure were 1 x 10(-5) and 3.3 x 10(-4) M bulk amiloride, respectively. Moreover, a differential-pulse adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetric procedure has been described to assay of the drug at lower concentration levels. The optimal conditions were: E(acc) = -0.9V, t(acc)=30 s, scan rate=20mV, pulse-height=90 mV and Britton-Robinson buffer of pH 8. The calibration graph was obtained over the concentration range 2 x 10(-8) to 1 x 10(-6) M for bulk amiloride. Both procedures were successfully applied to the determination of amiloride in tablets without the necessity for sample pretreatment or any time-consuming extraction or evaporation steps prior to the drug analysis.

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