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Wednesday 01 October 2003

Activation of apical K+ conductances by muscarinic receptor stimulation in rat distal colon: fast and slow components.

By: Schultheiss G, Ribeiro R, Schafer KH, Diener M.

J Membr Biol 2003 Oct 1;195(3):183-96

In the epithelium of rat distal colon the acetylcholine analogue carbachol induces a transient increase of short-circuit current (Isc) via stimulation of cellular K+ conductances. Inhibition of the turnover of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) by LiCl significantly reduced both the amplitude and the duration of this response. When the apical membrane was permeabilized with nystatin, LiCl nearly abolished the carbachol-induced activation of basolateral K+ conductances. In contrast, in epithelia, in which the basolateral membrane was bypassed by a basolateral depolarization, carbachol induced a biphasic increase in the K+ current across the apical membrane consisting of an early component carried by charybdotoxin- and tetraethylammonium-sensitive K+ channels followed by a sustained plateau carried by channels insensitive against these blockers. Only the latter was sensitive against LiCl or inhibition of protein kinases. In contrast, the stimulation of the early apical K+ conductance by carbachol proved to be resistant against inhibition of phospholipase C or protein kinases. However, apical dichlorobenzamil, an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, or a Ca2+-free mucosal buffer solution significantly reduced the early component of the carbachol-induced apical K+ current. The presence of an apically localized Na+/Ca2+-exchanger was proven immunohistochemically. Taken together these experiments reveal divergent regulatory mechanisms for the stimulation of apical Ca2+-dependent K+ channels in this secretory epithelium, part of them being activated by an inflow of Ca2+ across the apical membrane.

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