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Tuesday 30 December 2003

Glutamate 346 of human Na+-H+ exchanger NHE1 is crucial for modulating both the affinity for Na+ and the interaction with amiloride derivatives.

By: Noel J, Germain D, Vadnais J.

Biochemistry 2003 Dec 30;42(51):15361-8

A NHE1 variant that exhibits very high resistance to (3-methyl sulfonyl-4-piperidinobenzoyl) guanidine methane sulfonate (HOE694), a potent inhibitor of Na(+)-H(+) exchangers, was selected and characterized. Sequencing of the coding region corresponding to the N-terminal domain of this variant revealed the presence of only one mutation located within membrane-spanning segment 9 (M9). This base pair change replaces a glutamate (Glu) with an aspartate (Asp). We reproduced this amino acid change in wild-type NHE1 and found that this mutation alone is responsible for the huge decrease in sensitivity to the HOE694 compound and to ethylisopropylamiloride (EIPA). We found that the NHE1-Glu(346)Asp mutant was more than 2000-fold more resistant to HOE694 and up to 300-fold more resistant to EIPA than wild-type NHE1, with the size, rather than the charge, of the amino acid in position 346 having the greatest effect. Interestingly, its affinity for Na(+) was at least 4-fold lower than that of wild-type NHE1. Mutation of amino acids in the vicinity of Glu(346) did not change the sensitivity of mutated NHE1 proteins to inhibitors. We suggest there is a direct interaction of Glu(346) or involvement of Glu(346) in a coordination site with NHE inhibitors and with Na(+).

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