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Monday 01 December 2003

Amiloride and urinary trypsin inhibitor inhibit urothelial cancer invasion.

By: Oka N, Okumura Y, Kanayama HO, Izaki H, Okamoto M, Kido H, Kagawa S.

Eur Urol 2003 Dec;44(6):737-41

OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasmin in the invasion of highly invasive urothelial cancer cells. METHODS: We compared expression levels of mRNA and protease activity of uPA and plasmin formation in primary cultures of the noninvasive transitional cell carcinoma, UCT-1, and in the highly invasive type, UCT-2. By using in vitro cell invasion assay system, we evaluated the effects of amiloride and urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI), which inhibit uPA and plasmin, respectively, on invasion by both cell lines. RESULTS: Expression levels of mRNA, protein, and activities of uPA were significantly higher (p<0.005) and resulted in more plasminogen activation in UCT-2 than in UCT-1. Amiloride and UTI significantly inhibited plasmin formation and the invasion of both cell lines (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: High expression levels of mRNA, activities of uPA and high plasmin formation significantly potentiated the invasiveness of urothelial cancer cells. Thus, inhibitors of uPA and plasmin, such as amiloride and UTI, respectively, could be useful therapeutic tools with which to treat urothelial cancer.

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