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Monday 01 March 2004

Angiotensin II regulation of the Na+ pump involves the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in vascular smooth muscle cells.

By: Isenovic ER, Jacobs DB, Kedees MH, Sha Q, Milivojevic N, Kawakami K, Gick G, Sowers JR.

Endocrinology 2004 Mar;145(3):1151-60

This investigation used primary cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells to examine angiotensin II (Ang II) regulation of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase (Na(+) pump) activity, and Na(+) pump alpha(1)- and beta(1)-subunit gene transcription. This regulation was mediated through both phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p42/44(MAPK)) signaling pathways. Both acute (10 min) and prolonged (24 h) treatment with Ang II stimulated Na(+) pump activity. Also, prolonged exposure to Ang II (24 h) increased promoter transcription of the Na(+) pump alpha(1)- and beta(1)-subunits. Furthermore, PI3K activities because well because p42/44(MAPK) phosphorylation were increased within 10 min after Ang II treatment. To determine whether these stimulatory activities of Ang II are acting through Ang II receptors 1 and/or 2 (AT(1), AT(2)), cells were pretreated with either AT(1) receptor blocker losartan or the AT(2) receptor blocker PD 123,319. Indeed, these treatments prevented the stimulatory effect of Ang II on Na(+) pump activity at both acute and 24-h time points. Furthermore, the Ang II-stimulated alpha(1)-subunit promoter transcription was inhibited by losartan but not by the AT(2) receptor blocker. These results indicate that Ang II acts through both the AT(1) and AT(2) receptor to up-regulate Na(+) pump activity; however, Ang II regulates alpha(1)-gene transcription through AT(1) but not AT(2) receptors. It was also observed that the Ang II-stimulated beta(1)-subunit gene transcription is not mediated through either AT(1) or AT(2) receptors. To examine whether the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger is involved in Ang II-stimulated Na(+) pump activity, cells were pretreated with amiloride, a specific inhibitor of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger. This pretreatment prevented 24 h, but not acute, Ang II-stimulated Na(+) pump activity. The 24-h Ang II-stimulated alpha(1)-subunit promoter transcription was also inhibited by amiloride. This suggests that the prolonged effect of Ang II on Na(+) pump activity is dependent on increased Na(+)/H(+) exchange. Because Ang II treatment for 10 min increased PI3K activity because well because p42/44(MAPK) phosphorylation, studies were performed to determine the involvement of PI3K and p42/44(MAPK) signaling pathways in both Ang II-stimulated Na(+) pump activity and alpha(1)- and beta(1)-gene transcription. Cells were pretreated with either the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin or the p42/44(MAPK) inhibitor PD 98059. Ang II-stimulated PI3K or p42/44(MAPK) activity was inhibited by these pretreatments. Furthermore, pretreatment of cells with the PI3K inhibitors wortmannin and LY29404 or the MAPK inhibitors U0126 and PD 98059 were all observed to inhibit Ang II-stimulated Na(+) pump activity. To more specifically determine the role of PI3K in Ang II-regulation of alpha(1)-and beta(1)-gene transcription, cells were cotransfected with a dominant-negative p85 construct. Cotransfection with dominant-negative p85 reduced Ang II-stimulated alpha(1)-but not beta(1)-gene transcription in vascular smooth muscle cells. These results indicate that Ang II acts through PI3K/p42/44(MAPK) signaling pathways to up-regulate Na(+) pump activity and alpha(1)-gene transcription and that Ang II-regulated beta(1)-gene transcription is not mediated through either PI3K or p42/44 (MAPK) signaling pathways.

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