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Thursday 31 July 2003

Modulation of the Na(+)-H(+) antiport activity by adrenaline on erythrocytes from normal and obese individuals.

By: Bourikas D, Kaloyianni M, Bougoulia M, Zolota Z, Koliakos G.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2003 Jul 31;205(1-2):141-50

The effect of adrenaline on normal and obese human Na(+)-H(+) antiport (NHE 1) erythrocyte activity has been studied. Adrenaline increased both intracellular pH (pHi) and Na(+) influx in erythrocyte suspensions. This effect of adrenaline was inhibited by amiloride or EIPA, indicating that adrenaline stimulated NHE 1. Phorbol myristicate ester (PMA), a protein kinase C (PKC) stimulator, increased the activity of NHE 1 whereas calphostin C, a PKC inhibitor, partially inhibited NHE 1 activation induced by adrenaline. The effect of adrenaline to NHE 1 was counteracted by prazocin and by propranolol as well indicating the involvement of both alpha and beta 2 adrenergic receptors. The effect of adrenaline on erythrocyte NHE 1 activity was significantly more profound in obese compared to normal subjects. These data indicate that adrenaline induces an increase of pHi and Na(+) uptake of human erythrocytes through stimulation of NHE 1 activity. The significantly more profound stimulation of NHE 1 activity by adrenaline in obese as compared to normal subjects is discussed.

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