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Friday 18 July 2003

Classification of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in trigeminal ganglion neurons from neonatal rats.

By: Ikeda M, Matsumoto S.

Life Sci 2003 Jul 18;73(9):1175-87

We examined the subtypes and characteristics of the Ca(2+) channel in small (diameter < 30 microm) trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons from neonatal rats by means of whole cell patch clamp techniques. There were two current components, low-voltage activated (LVA) and high-voltage activated (HVA) I(Ba), with different activation ranges and waveforms. LVA I(Ba) elicited from a depolarizing step pulse at a holding potential (HP) of -80 mV was inhibited by 0.25 mM amiloride (62%), which did not produce any significant inhibition of the peak amplitude of HVA I(Ba). The application of 0.5 mM amiloride inhibited 10% of the HVA I(Ba). The LVA I(Ba) was also reduced by changing the HP from -80 to -60 mV (61%), and under these conditions the peak amplitude of HVA I(Ba) did not change significantly. In addition, HVA I(Ba) and LVA I(Ba) showed marked differences in their inactivation properties. Experiments with several Ca(2+) channel blockers revealed that on average, 26% of the HVA I(Ba) was nifedipine (10 microM) sensitive, 55% was sensitive to omega-conotoxinGVIA (1 microM), 4% was blocked by omega-agatoxinIVA (1 microM), and the remainder of the current that was resistant to the co-application of all three Ca(2+) channel blockers was 15% of the total current. These results suggest that the application of amiloride and the alteration of the holding potential level can discriminate between HVA and LVA Ba(2+) currents in TG neurons, and that TG neurons expressed T-, L-, N-, P-/Q- and R-type Ca(2+) channels.

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