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Wednesday 01 October 2003

Endothelin receptor blockade has an oxygen-saving effect in Dahl salt-sensitive rats with heart failure.

By: Noguchi T, Chen Z, Bell SP, Nyland L, LeWinter MM.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2003 Oct;285(4):H1428-34

The effects of endothelin (ET) receptor blockade on energy utilization in heart failure (HF) are unknown. We administered ET type A (ETA), ET type B (ETB), and ETA/ETB antagonists to isolated hearts from Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats with HF and controls. Contractile efficiency was assessed as slope-1 of myocardial O consumption (VO2)-pressure-volume area relation. In HF, ETA and ETA/ETB but not ETB blockade decreased the contractility index (Emax)(-15 +/- 3% and -17 +/- 2%, P < 0.05), excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling VO2 (-39 +/- 4% and -37 +/- 5%, P < 0.01), and efficiency (-15 +/- 4% and -17 +/- 2%, P < 0.05). Despite decreased efficiency, ETA and ETA/ETB blockade decreased total VO2 (-24 +/- 3% and -22 +/- 2%, P < 0.05). Na+/H+ exchanger inhibition decreased Emax and E-C coupling VO2 similar to ETA and ETA/ETB blockade, but did not alter efficiency. In HF, endogenous ET-1 maintains contractility at expense of increased VO2 through ETA receptor activation, likely mediated by Na+/H+ exchange.

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