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Sunday 01 January 2006

Involvement of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger in catecholamine-induced increase in intracellular calcium in cardiomyocytes.

By: Saini HK, Tripathi ON, Zhang S, Elimban V, Dhalla NS.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2006 Jan;290(1):H373-80

Although sarcolemmal (SL) Na+/Ca2+ exchanger is known to regulate the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), its involvement in catecholamine-induced increase in [Ca2+]i is not fully understood. To gain some information in this regard, isolated rat cardiomyocytes were treated with different agents, which are known to modify Ca2+ movements, in the absence or presence of a beta-adrenoceptor agonist, isoproterenol, and [Ca2+]i in cardiomyocytes was determined spectrofluorometrically with fura-2 AM. Treatment with isoproterenol did not alter [Ca2+]i in quiescent cardiomyocytes, whereas the ATP (purinergic receptor agonist)-induced increase in [Ca2+]i was significantly potentiated by isoproterenol. Unlike ryanodine and cyclopiazonic acid, which affect the sarcoplasmic reticulum function, SL L-type Ca2+ channel blockers verapamil and diltiazem, as well as a SL Ca2+-pump inhibitor, vanadate, caused a significant depression in the isoproterenol-induced increase in [Ca2+]i. The SL Na+/Ca2+ exchange blockers amiloride, Ni2+, and KB-R7943 also attenuated the isoproterenol-mediated increase in [Ca2+]i. Combination of KB-R7943 and verapamil showed additive inhibitory effects on the isoproterenol-induced increase in [Ca2+]i. The isoproterenol-induced increase in [Ca2+]i in KCl-depolarized cardiomyocytes was augmented by low Na+; this augmentation was significantly depressed by treatment with KB-R7943. The positive inotropic action of isoproterenol in isolated hearts was also reduced by KB-R7943. These data suggest that in addition to SL L-type Ca2+ channels, SL Na+/Ca2+ exchanger seems to play an important role in catecholamine-induced increase in [Ca2+]i in cardiomyocytes.

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