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Wednesday 01 December 2004

Purinergic P2Y6 receptors induce Ca2+ and CFTR dependent Cl- secretion in mouse trachea.

By: Schreiber R, Kunzelmann K.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2005;16(1-3):99-108

In airways Cl- secretion is activated and Na+ absorption is inhibited when P2Y2 receptors are stimulated by ATP or UTP. Both nucleotides are subject to degradation to ADP and UDP by ecto-nucleotidases. Here we show that these metabolites change electrolyte transport by stimulation of P2Y6 receptors in mouse trachea. Immunohistochemistry confirmed luminal and basolateral expression of P2Y6 receptors. In Ussing chamber experiments luminal ADP, UDP or the P2Y6 receptor agonist INS48823 induced both transient and persistent increase in short circuit currents (ISC). Activation of ISC was inhibited by the P2Y6 receptor blocker PPADS. The transient response was inhibited by DIDS, whereas the persistent ISC was inhibited by glibenclamide and by the protein kinase A (PKA) blocker H-89. Moreover, sustained activation of ISC by luminal UDP was inhibited by blocking basolateral K+ channels with 293B. Possible effects of diphosphates on P2Y1 or adenosine receptors were excluded by the inhibitors MRS2179 and 8-SPT, respectively. Inhibition of amiloride sensitive Na+ absorption was only seen after blocking basolateral K+ channels with 293B. In contrast, Cl- secretion activated by basolateral ADP or UDP was only transient and was blocked by the sk4 K+ channel blocker clotrimazole. In summary, activation of luminal P2Y6 receptors in the airways shifts electrolyte transport towards secretion by increasing intracellular Ca+ and activation of PKA. Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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