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Friday 15 July 2005

Synergic action of insulin and genistein on Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter in renal epithelium.

By: Ueda-Nishimura T, Niisato N, Miyazaki H, Naito Y, Yoshida N, Yoshikawa T, Nishino H, Marunaka Y.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2005 Jul 15;332(4):1042-52

Transepithelial Cl(-) secretion in polarized renal A6 cells is composed of two steps: (1) Cl(-) entry step across the basolateral membrane mediated by Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) and (2) Cl(-) releasing step across the apical membrane via cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel. We estimated CFTR Cl(-) channel activity and transcellular Cl(-) secretion by measuring 5-nitro 2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoate (NPPB, a blocker of CFTR Cl(-) channel)-sensitive transepithelial conductance (Gt) and short-circuit current (Isc), respectively. Pretreatment with 1 microM insulin for 24 h had no effects on NPPB-sensitive Gt or Isc. On the other hand, in A6 cells treated with carbobenzoxy-L-leucyl-leucyl-L-leucinal (MG132; 100 microM for 2 h) that inhibits endocytosis of proteins at the plasma membrane into the cytosolic space, insulin pretreatment increased the NPPB-sensitive Isc with no effects on NPPB-sensitive Gt. Genistein (100 microM) induced sustained increases in NPPB-sensitive Gt and Isc, which were diminished by brefeldin A (a blocker of protein translocation to Golgi apparatus from endoplasmic reticulum). Co-application of insulin and genistein synergically stimulated the NPPB-sensitive Isc without any effects on NPPB-sensitive Gt. These observations suggest that: (1) insertion and endocytosis of NKCC are stimulated by insulin, (2) the insulin-induced stimulation of NKCC insertion into the basolateral membrane is offset by the stimulatory action on NKCC endocytosis from the basolateral membrane, (3) genistein stimulates insertion of both CFTR Cl(-) channel into the apical membrane and NKCC into the basolateral membrane, and (4) insulin and genistein synergically stimulated NKCC insertion into the basolateral membrane.

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